President Biden recently announced the American Families Plan, a $1.8 trillion proposal to help boost the American economy. The plan unveils many items including several tax provisions and an enforcement proposal affecting businesses, individuals and families.
The information below is a high-level summary on the tax provisions that are contained in the fact sheet released from the White House on April 28, 2021.
Tax increases under the proposed American Families Plan include the following.
- Increases the top ordinary income tax rate from 37% to 39.6% (above $452,700 if single and $509,300 for joint filers).
- Creates tax at ordinary income tax rates on long term capital gains and qualified dividends for households making over $1 million, resulting in a top marginal rate of 43.4% considering the 3.8% Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT).
- Applies the 3.8% NIIT to active pass-through income (LLCs and S-Corps) above $400,000.
- Eliminates the step-up in basis for most capital gains at death in excess of $1 million, or $2.5 million per couple, if property is not donated to charity.
- Eliminates the carried interest loophole, creating the requirement for hedge fund partners to pay ordinary income rates on their income.
- Limits like-kind exchanges. If passed, the like-kind exchange rule would be eliminated with respect to gains greater than $500,000 on real estate exchanges.
- Makes permanent the current limitation on deduction of excess business losses that apply to non-corporate income.
Tax breaks under the proposed American Families Plan include extending the Child Tax Credit in the American Rescue Plan Act through 2025 and makes the tax credit fully refundable. The credit provides $3,600 for each child under the age of six and $3,000 for each child age six to 17.
President Biden also laid out a plan for increasing the budget for the IRS to support additional resources at the agency and increase enforcement efforts specifically on large corporations, partnerships and high-net-worth individuals.
Before the proposal can be voted on by Congress, it must first be drafted as legislation and negotiated by the House and Senate. Alternatively, the President could pass the plan through the budget reconciliation process, as he did with the American Rescue Plan Act back in March.
The tax team at Smith & Howard is closely following the American Families Plan and will communicate updates on the plan as they are announced. If you would like future updates, please be sure to subscribe to our Matters That Count newsletter, using the form below.