Getting Disappointed When Delegating Work? Try a New Approach.
March 31, 2020
Clients who don’t deliver their documents on time.
Staff who produce a deliverable that isn’t as complete as you’d expected.
Partners who don’t complete their deliverable review when you need it.
Peers who don’t follow up on commitments from recent meetings.
We can all fully relate to these setbacks. People spend a lot of time rehashing recent disappointments and, when we do, we usually make the other party wrong for not delivering what was expected.
But so often, the truth is that, as in the movie Cool Hand Luke, “what we’ve got here is failure to communicate.” As leaders and delegators, we tend to spend more time complaining about performance than we do ensuring it. I find that most leaders, no matter how experienced, do a poor job of establishing clear, indisputable expectations of others. And then, because of the lack of clarity, people do their best, but their best isn’t exactly what we’d “hoped” for and disappointment sets in.
Great delegation takes more time that you are probably spending now when making assignments, but the investment upfront is well worth the improved performance you’ll experience. When you delegate or assign an expectation, be sure to follow these six steps:
1. Define the deliverable by answering these questions for your assignee:
2. Clearly outline who owns the deliverable. You’ll also want to be sure that the assignee understands that they own getting this deliverable across the finish line and that you won’t be doing any of the thinking, planning, organizing, or communicating about it until you hear from them. Keep in mind that giving partial ownership to multiple team members can also be an issue. Command, naming an owner for each different element of a project or deliverable is especially an issue with multi-faceted projects or client engagements where there are multiple deliverables and multiple owners.
3.Establish a clear timeline and due date. This sounds like a no-brainer, but it is always the most resisted element of delegation. Do not perceive this as being overly demanding or micromanaging. The absence of a due date leaves room for interpretation. Establishing clear due dates allows you to properly manage expectations and avoid time-based disappointment.
4.Identify any resources or collaborators. Identify what internal and/or external resources the individual will need to be successful in producing the expected deliverable or result on time.
5.Establish a return and reporting mechanism and timing. When we delegate an assignment or a goal to someone, it is very important that we agree on the method by which he or she will communicate status and completion. The more concern you have about the assignment, the more important it is to establish a clear reporting process along the way. With longer assignment timelines, it is critical to have milestone check-in points where the assignee checks in with the delegator to provide status reports and reset any expectations needed. The return and reporting mechanism may be a status report in email, a short meeting, a formal reporting meeting or you can agree that the “no news is good news” method will work for you. Then, honor the agreed-upon reporting process and respect your people by not checking in between reporting periods unless something about the assignment has changed.
6.Document your understanding. Write an email recap of your plan. Better yet, have your assignee write the email. The email will be a simple outline memorializing the agreements in the first four steps of delegation and is intended to clear up any miscommunications that might exist as a result of incomplete listening to the verbal assignment discussion. This written step may seem like overkill, but it removes any “I don’t remember that” or “I didn’t agree to that” that might arise, providing a much higher likelihood of expected performance.
Following these six steps of delegation will provide your people the support they need to deliver as expected and experience success. And you can follow this same framework when accepting delegation and when managing assignments with clients, too. When you do so, you’ll minimize the potential of disappointing others and maximize your potential for meeting or exceeding expectations.
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